Antioxidants help fight free radical molecules in our environment that can cause cancer by damaging our cells. Sage contains small amounts of antioxidant vitamins A, C and E. It also has more than 160 types of polyphenols, another type of antioxidant made from plant matter.

Sage has several types of acidic compounds that also act as antioxidants. Chlorogenic acid, caffeic acid, rosmarinic acid, ellagic acid, and rutin have all been associated with benefits such as lower cancer risk, memory improvement, and improved brain function.